Fillings are most commonly used to treat cavities. We will remove the decayed portion of the tooth and then “fill” the area on the tooth where the decayed material was removed with a substance such as gold, porcelain, silver amalgam or a tooth-colored plastic known as composite resin. Fillings may also be used to repair cracked or broken teeth and teeth that have been worn down from misuse such as from nail-biting or teeth grinding.
Bridges are natural-looking dental prosthetics that can replace a section of missing teeth. Because they are custom-made, bridges are barely noticeable and can restore the natural contour of teeth as well as the proper bite relationship between upper and lower teeth.
There are several types of fixed (cannot be removed) dental bridges including conventional fixed bridges, cantilever bridges, and resin-bonded bridges. Some bridges are removable and can be cleaned by the wearer; others need to be removed by a dentist. Porcelain, gold alloys or combinations of materials are usually used to make bridge appliances.
A dental crown, sometimes called a cap, is a type of dental prosthetic that completely encircles a tooth that is badly damaged or decayed in order to protect the tooth and restore the natural look of the tooth. This common procedure uses dental cement to secure the crown to the tooth, making the original tooth and the crown one.
Bonding uses a special tooth-colored plastic called composite resin to repair damaged or decayed teeth, improve the appearance of discolored teeth, protect a portion of the tooth’s root that has been exposed when gums recede, close the space between tooth gaps or change the shape of the teeth.